EMERGENCY OPERATIONS PLAN
Updated: August 18, 2014 

 

   
I. FOREWORD
 
  The Fictitious County Emergency Operations Plan was developed to address multiple hazards which threaten our county and the municipalities. Through use of a functional format, the document encourages an Integrated Emergency Management System (IEMS) approach to major emergency or disasters and fosters prompt, efficient and coordinated response operations by elements of the emergency organization. The Integrated Emergency Management System requires a system wide integration of skills, people and resources. The Integrated Emergency Management System recognizes that plans developed for one type of emergency are extremely useful for other emergency situations and a significant amount of emergency operational capability can be established by addressing broadly applicable functions.
 
  This document presents a basic plan, which serves as a summary document to common functions. Common functions address functional needs at the county / city / village / town level in a major emergency or disaster situation. Defining the roles of each response agency reduces the confusion, chaos and conflicts during a major emergency or disaster and significantly decreases vulnerability of the public and their property to hazardous threats.
 
  This document meets the requirements set forth in the Emergency Management Ordinance of Fictitious County. This document meets the requirements of Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) planning guidance and the legal responsibilities identified in North Carolina General Statutes, Chapter 166A. It provides all the necessary elements to ensure that local government can fulfill its legal responsibilities for emergency preparedness. This plan also meets criteria in effect at the time of adoption, for the National Incident Management System as required under Homeland Security Presidential Directive 5.
 
  All previous versions of the Fictitious County Emergency Operations Plan are rescinded as of the effective date of this document. This plan, its attachments, annexes and/or supplements, when implemented under the authority of a proclaimed state of emergency, shall have the effect of law (1) .
 
II. INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE
 
  It is intended that this plan, when implemented, be used by Fictitious County response organizations, executives and administrative personnel, to obtain maximum use of existing resources, organizations and systems in response to emergencies and disasters that could and/or have occurred in the county. The format utilized is:
 

Basic Plan:
To be used primarily by chief executives and policy officials. All individuals with assigned responsibilities should be familiar with the entire plan, however, added emphasis must be given to those sections for which they are responsible. While all circumstances cannot be addressed, the content of this plan should be used as a guide for those things that do occur but not specifically addressed herein. This Emergency Operations Plan, upon approval and adoption of the Fictitious County Board of Commissioners, replaces and supersedes all previously adopted emergency plans.
 

Annexes:
Annexes (or additions) to this plan address the specific functions for use by the operational managers. Each annex to this basic plan contains a purpose statement for that section. Annexes also contain general operational guidance for the responsible agency/department.
 

Guidance documents (SOGs / SOPs):
Individual agency guidance documents, sometimes known as Standard Operating Guidelines (SOG) or Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) are not contained in this basic plan, but must be developed by each operational manager and are essential to the implementation of this plan. Copies of guidance documents may be submitted and kept for reference at the Emergency Operations Center to ensure integration of services when two or more agencies work together. 
 

Hazard Specific Checklists:
Hazard specific checklists have been added to highlight areas, functions or duties that may be necessary to be carried out by the Incident Commander and/or the Emergency Management Coordinator or their respective designees. Checklists are designed to be functional but broad based. Each hazard specific checklist is divided into at least three areas: Planning, Response and Recovery.

This plan is further supplemented by an integrated database and dozens of forms that are routinely used by responders, EOC management, Incident Commanders, Finance and others.
 

  The various organizations which will operate underneath the Fictitious County Emergency Operations Plan during a major emergency or disaster include, but are not limited to:
 
  Town of Bogus:
 
  • Bogus Town Council
  • Bogus Town Mayor
  • Bogus Town Manager
  • Bogus Police Department
  • Bogus Fire Department
  • Bogus Public Works
     
  Town of Dillsboro:
 
  • Dillsboro Town Council
  • Dillsboro Town Mayor
     
  Town of Webster:
 
  • Webster Town Council
  • Webster Town Mayor
     
  Village of Forest Hills:
 
  • Forest Hills Council
  • Forest Hills Mayor
     
  Fictitious County:
 
  • Fictitious County Commissioners
  • Fictitious County Manager’s Office
  • Fictitious County Emergency Management Office
  • Fictitious County Sheriff’s Department
  • Fictitious County Emergency Management Team
  • Fictitious County Emergency Operations Center Staff
  • Fictitious County Fire Marshal
  • Fictitious County Fire Departments
  • Fictitious County Rescue Squad Units
  • Fictitious County Department of Social Services
  • Fictitious County Health Department
  • Fictitious County Inspection Office
  • Fictitious County Finance Office
  • Fictitious County Public Works / Maintenance Department
  • Fictitious County Animal Control Department
  • Fictitious County Medical Examiner
  • Fictitious County Schools
  • Fictitious County Transportation System
  • Fictitious County Shelters
  • Fictitious County Communications Center
  • Fictitious County Damage Assessment Coordinator
  • Fictitious County Mental Health Department
  • Fictitious County Staging Management Coordinator
  • Fictitious County Debris Management Coordinator
  • Harris Regional Hospital
  • Westcare Ambulance Service
  • Glenville / Cashiers Ambulance Service
  • Local Medical Centers
  • Amateur Radio Emergency Services
  • Smoky Mountain ORV Club
  • Local American Red Cross
  • North Carolina State Organizations which will be working in Fictitious County during various emergencies or disasters.
  • United States Federal Organizations which will be working Fictitious County during various emergencies or disasters.
  • Any private resources which will be working in Fictitious County during emergencies or disaster operations.
     
III. PURPOSE
 
  This plan predetermines actions to be taken by the government agencies and private organizations located in Fictitious County, North Carolina to reduce the vulnerabilities of people and property from major emergency and/or disaster events. Also to establish effective response capabilities to an actual occurrence of a major emergency and/or disaster events.
 
IV.  SITUATIONS AND ASSUMPTIONS  
 
        A.    Situation
   
1.

General description:
 
      Fictitious County is located in North Carolina Emergency Management, Western Branch  Area 15 and Federal Emergency Management Agency Region IV. Its geographic location is the Western Section of the State. It is bounded on the East by Haywood County, on the South by South Carolina, on the North by Swain County, and on the West by Macon County. The current population of the County and municipalities within the County is 36,000 (2). The anticipated peak population is 45,000. This number represents the year round population plus the maximum anticipated summer tourists in the summer.
(* Source - NC EDIS)
 
      The following services, which may have expanded duties during disasters, are provided by Fictitious County:
 
 
    2. Major traffic arteries
      U.S. Hwy 64 East and West, U.S. Hwy 441 North and South, NC Hwy 107 North and South, and U.S. Hwy 74 East and West.
 
    3. Railroads
      Norfolk Southern Railroad and Great Smokey Mountain Railway.
 
    4. Airport
      Fictitious County Airport has one runway (3,000' paved) and has limited use. Under normal conditions the airport serves only small, single engine, general aviation aircraft.
 
    5. Hazards
      The County is exposed to many hazards, all of which have the potential to disrupt the community, cause damage, and create casualties. The County has experienced many hazards, all of which have, at some particular time, caused disruption to communities, great amounts of damage and in some cases even created casualties. Potential hazards and historical hazards (natural, technological and national security) for Fictitious County are:
 
 
    6. Direction and control of normal day-to-day emergencies is performed by senior on scene emergency response personnel (i.e. law enforcement, fire, rescue, EMS) in accordance with local ordinances, policies and guidelines. 
 
    7. The Village of Forest Hills, the Town of Webster, the Town of Dillsboro, the Town of Bogus and the County of Fictitious will exercise the direction and control of their own resources for any type of major emergency and/or disaster event. Any outside resources requested for the towns, villages, cities, or county before, during, or after any type of major emergency and/or disaster event will be requested and directed either through the Fictitious County Emergency Operations Center or the Fictitious County Emergency Management Office. All non-emergency and emergency resources requested before, during, and after any type of major emergency and/or disaster event shall be secured through mutual aid agreements with other municipalities, counties, states or federal government. 
 
    8. Centralized countywide direction and control (Fictitious County Emergency Operations Center activations) is desirable when one or more of the following situations occur: 
 
 
  • There exists an imminent threat to the public safety / health on a large scale; 
  • Extensive multiagency / jurisdiction response and coordination are necessary to resolve or recover from the major emergency or disaster event; 
  • Local resources are inadequate / depleted and significant mutual aid, state and/or federal resources must be utilized to resolve the major emergency or disaster event; 
  • The disaster affects multiple political jurisdictions within the county, cities, towns and/or villages which are relying on the same resources to resolve the major emergency or disaster event; 
  • Local emergency ordinances are implemented to control the major emergency or disaster event. 
     
    9. The Fictitious County Emergency Operations Center is located at the Fictitious County Justice Center, Bogus, North Carolina. The Fictitious County Emergency Operations Center serves as the central direction and control point for any type of major emergency or disaster event response activities. 
 
    10. The primary Fictitious County 911 Communications Center is located in the Fictitious County Justice Center in the City of Bogus, North Carolina. 
 
    11. In the event the primary Fictitious County Emergency Operations Center is inoperable, an alternate Fictitious County Emergency Operations Center may be established in any other County / City / Town / Village Government Building. 
 
    12. The Fictitious County 911 Communication Center is usually the Primary Emergency Warning Point for any type of major emergency or disaster event. Either the Fictitious County Emergency Management Office and/or the Fictitious County Emergency Operations Center is usually the Secondary Emergency Warning Point for any type of major emergency or disaster event. 
 
    13. Broadcast media through local radio stations and televisions networks will be the dissemination for providing warning information to the general public before, during, and after any type of major emergency or disaster event. All press information before, during, and after any type of major emergency or disaster event will be approved by the Fictitious County Emergency Management Coordinator or his / her assigned Deputy before the any broadcast media will release the public information on any radio and/or television broadcast system. 
 
    14. Operational telephone and/or radio communications may be utilized to notify public officials, Emergency Operations Center staff, emergency personnel and others as required. 
 
    15. Emergency service vehicles from Fire, Rescue and Law Enforcement are available for warning the general public throughout the county / cities / towns / villages. 
 
    16. Numerous federal and state law enforcement agencies are available to support local law enforcement agencies within the County / Cities / Towns / Villages in the event that these services need to be expanded during a major emergency or disaster. 
 
    17. Fire prevention, control and rescue operations are daily problems faced by fire and rescue service personnel. Several hazards become more significant during emergency or disaster situations. 
 
    18. In a major emergency or disaster, there is frequently a need for fire and rescue emergency persons and equipment to perform emergency debris removal to clear a way to an incident site, for restoration of essential utilities, open roadways for emergency use, and etc. 
 
    19. Depending on the nature of a emergency or disaster, complications may include general health problems, traumatic injury, and communicable disease, contamination of food and water and mental health ailments. 
 
    20. Several emergency or disaster situations may require evacuation of part of the county. Small scale, localized evacuations may be needed as a result of a hazardous materials incident, major fire or other incident. Large scale evacuation may be needed in the event of a countywide major emergency or disaster.
 
    21. A hazard and demographic analysis has been completed which identifies the types of threats and the areas and the population in the county that are most vulnerable to these threats. Facilities and populations that pose special problems have also been identified (e.g. vital facilities survey).
 
    22. An evacuation may require substantial physical resources for transportation, communication and traffic control. Available public and private resources have been identified (e.g. public school buses). 
 
    23. Large scale emergencies or disasters may necessitate the rapid evacuation of hospitals, nursing homes and nonambulatory populations. 
 
    24. There are several emergencies or disasters for which shelters may be required including severe storms, tornado, floods, hazardous material accidents, fires and etc.
 
    25. A preliminary damage assessment (PDA) will provide a basis for the determination of actions and resources needed, the establishment of priorities, the allocation of local government resources in the emergency or disaster area during the early stages of the recovery effort, and what, if any, outside assistance will be required to restore the affected area to predisaster condition.  
 
       B.     Assumptions
   
The occurrence of any one or more of the disaster events previously listed could impact Fictitious County severely and include several of the following possibilities:
 
 
  • Loss of electric power
  • Failure of the water distribution system
  • Severance of road / highway network
  • Evacuation of people from the county
  • Necessity for mass care (shelter) and feeding operations
  • Need for debris clearance and removal
  • Multiple injuries and fatalities.
  • Drastic increase in media attention.
  • Damage to the communications and telephone networks.
  • Severe economic impact.
  • Increased number of vermin and vectors.
  • Need for official public information and rumor control.
  • Need for State and/or Federal assistance.
  • Reentry of essential personnel and equipment.
  • Reentry of the public.
  • Damage to vital records.
  • Need for damage assessment.
  • Need for auxiliary power.
  • Need for coordination of donated goods.
  • Contamination of private wells.
  • Need for law enforcement support.
  • Need for emergency medical and rescue support.
  • Need for fire protection support.
  • Need for additional hospital / medical support.
  • Overtaxing local resources.
  • Depth of staffing problems.
  • Loss of facilities vital to maintaining essential services.
  • Environmental impact to wildlife, natural resources and agriculture.
  • Management of reconstruction.
  • Coordination of staged resources.
  • Damage to historical sites.
  • Isolation of populations.
  • Presidential Disaster Declaration.
     
V. CONCEPT OF OPERATIONS 
 
  A. General 
 
    1. As required by General Statutes 166A, it is the responsibility of county government to protect life and property from the effects of emergency or disaster hazardous events.
 
    2. The Emergency Operations Center (EOC) will be staffed and operated as the emergency or disaster situation dictates.
 
    3. The Emergency Management Coordinator will direct evacuation and shelter activation as necessary. The Chairman / Mayor of the jurisdiction will be advised of the situation and updated regularly.
 
    4. The primary Emergency Alert System (EAS) Station is WRGC-AM radio located in Bogus, North Carolina. The Chairman of the County, City Mayor / Town Mayor / Village Mayor or his / her representative will be in contact with WRGC-AM during times of emergency or disaster. 
 
    5. As the emergency or disaster situation develops, the responsible authority (as defined in NCGS 14-288.1) of the jurisdiction may declare a State of Emergency to exist within the jurisdiction (or a part thereof) and begin implementing emergency guidelines.
 
    6. The Chairman of the County Commissioners, assisted by the County Manager and County Emergency Management Coordinator; will coordinate and control local, state, and federal resources during a major emergency or disaster. The County Emergency Management Coordinator or a County Emergency Management Response Team Member will assist the cities / towns / villages officials in coordinate and control of local, state, and federal resources during a major emergency or disaster.  
 
    7. Termination of a State of Emergency shall be declared by the authority by whomever it was proclaimed. (Reference Proclamation Terminating a County State of Emergency). 
 
    8. As requests for resources become overwhelming, the County will coordinate with adjoining counties for additional available resources while also working with North Carolina Emergency Management to utilize State resources when county capabilities become exhausted.

State Role and Support:

Requests for state resources will be made through the Fictitious County Emergency Management Coordinator to the NC Division of Emergency Management State Emergency Operation Center (800-858-0368). The State Emergency Response Team (SERT) will be fully or partially activated as necessary to support the County’s requests. Additionally, it is expected SERT will have a role in most, if not all disasters. The Division of Emergency Management will provide support to the local Emergency Management Coordinator. This support includes, but is not limited to:

  • On scene response by the Area Coordinator or designee.
  • Assistance with dissemination of emergency public information.
  • Relay of information from State and Federal Agencies.
  • Coordination of State agencies during events.
  • Transmittal and tracking of resource requests.
  • Assistance with planning, training and recovery operations

 

    9. National Incident Management System:

Fictitious County has adopted the National Incident Management System (NIMS) approach and guidance to incorporate the elements of NIMS essential to efficient management of emergencies and disasters that will involve local, State and Federal response agencies. The Federal government places criteria for all emergency plans to comply with Homeland Security Presidential Directive #5 (HSPD5). "To prevent, prepare for, respond to, and recover from terrorist attacks, major disasters, and other emergencies, the United States Government shall establish a single, comprehensive approach to domestic incident management. The objective of the United States Government is to ensure that all levels of government across the Nation have the capability to work efficiently and effectively together, using a national approach to domestic incident management. In these efforts, with regard to domestic incidents, the United States Government treats crisis management and consequence management as a single, integrated function, rather than as two separate functions"..

      Under the NIMS criteria Fictitious County has:

  • Adopted the Incident Command System (ICS 200). 
  • Implemented formal recommendations for IS700 for managers and response supervisors as well as IS800.B.
  • Approved, by formal resolution of the Board of Commissioners, the local adoption of the National Incident Management System.
  • Improved and updated it's Resource Manual (database).
  • Provided opportunities for training for the NIMS Awareness Course. (IS700)
  • Determined which NIMS requirements already have been met for the Emergency Operations Plan.
  • Developed a strategy and timeframe for full NIMS implementation, which is:
    • To eliminate, where possible the use of "ten codes" and other communications codes in joint local, state and federal responses.
    • Complete transition of all local response services to ICS and continue to train personnel (ICS 200, 300, 400, IS700 and IS800.A).
    • Implement improved resource inventory along with typing and accountability.
    • Assign jurisdictional Incident Commanders whenever possible or practical based on ICS principals.
    • To follow the guidelines published by the NIMS Integration Center.
       
  B. Phases of Emergency Management
 
    Mitigation:
    Mitigation activities are those designed to either prevent the occurrence of an emergency or minimize the potentially adverse effects of an emergency. Some mitigation activities include development of public health and zoning / building code ordinances and enforcement of those regulations on a day-to-day basis. 
 
    Preparedness
    Preparedness activities, programs, and systems are those that exists prior to an emergency and are used to support and enhance response to an emergency or disaster. Planning, training, and exercising are among the activities conducted under this phase. 
 
    Response:
    Response activities and programs are designed to address the immediate effects of the onset of an emergency or disaster and help to reduce casualties and damage and speed recovery. Response activities include direction and control, warning, evacuation, mass care, and other similar operations. 
 
    Recovery
    Recovery activities involve restoring systems to normal. Short term recovery actions are taken to assess damage and return vital life support systems to minimum operating standards; long term recovery actions may continue for many years.
 
VI. ASSIGNMENT OF RESPONSIBILITIES
 
  A. General
 
    This section tasks departments within local government with emergency functions in addition to their normal duties. Each department is responsible for developing and maintaining their own emergency standard operating guidelines (SOGs). Specific responsibilities are outlined below under the section named Assignment of Responsibilities. Responsibilities for certain organizations, which are not a part of local government, are also outlined.
 
  B. Assignment of Individual Responsibilities
 
    1. Board of County Commissioners / City Council / Town Council / Village Council
   
 
  • Carry out appropriate provisions of state general statutes, in addition to local ordinances.
     
  • Declare and terminate an emergency or disaster at the County, City, Town, and Village level. 
     
  • Encourage cooperation between the local emergency service agencies, local law enforcement agencies, local government agencies, facilities, and other applicable organizations. 
     
  • Provide policy direction and control when requested by the Emergency Management Coordinator from the Chairman of the Board of Commissioners, Mayor of the City, Mayor of the Town and the Mayor of the Village in dealing with an emergency or disaster that occurs in an area where the county, city, the town or the village has jurisdiction and responsibility. 
     
  • Encourage cooperation of agencies, businesses, and citizens to mitigate an emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Upon the recommendation by the Emergency Management Coordinator, issue and distribute as appropriate a local proclamation declaring a State of Emergency or terminating the State of Emergency. 
     
  • Assure continuity of County / City / Town / Village government during an emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Provide support to the local Emergency Management Agency during a major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • The Chairman of the Board of Commissioners and the Mayor of a City / Village / Town shall advise the Fictitious County Emergency Management Coordinator when any type of County / Town / Village / City Resource(s) leave their jurisdiction to assist in any major or disaster outside Fictitious County
     
  • Additional duties are also found in the various Annexes and Procedures. (Also see the Elected Official's Checklist.)
     
    2. American Red Cross (ARC)
   
 
  • The local and national American Red Cross Chapters will assist in shelter operation in the county. 
     
  • Rules, regulations and policies within the American Red Cross shelters are established and administered and monitored by the American Red Cross. 
     
  • The Department of Social Services and the American Red Cross will work together to provide public and special need shelters to the citizens in the county. Special needs shelters are the responsibility of the Department of Social Services.
     
  • The Department of Health Services will provide the necessary staff persons to assist the Department of Social Services and the American Red Cross in shelter operations when requested by the shelter director in the county. 
     
  • The local and National American Red Cross Chapters will provide trained volunteers and Shelter Managers (trained to American Red Cross guidelines) to work in American Red Cross operated shelters. 
     
  • The local American Red Cross will train all the Department of Social Services personnel and the Department of Health personnel assigned to work in an American Red Cross Shelter. All personnel working in American Red Cross Shelters are trained by the local American Red Cross to specific National American Red Cross established guidelines.
     
  • Mutual aid agreements exists between American Red Cross, Fictitious County Chapter and Department of Social Services, Fictitious County Health Department, Fictitious County Department of Education / Schools, Western Carolina University, and Fictitious County churches within Fictitious County
     
  • Stocking plan for American Red Cross shelters must be in place at all times. 
     
  • All evacuees and staff in American Red Cross Shelters are fed by the American Red Cross. 
     
  • Evacuees in American Cross Shelters within special and/or specific needs are identified jointly by American Red Cross, Department of Health and Department of Social Services. 
     
  • Management supplies for use in American Red Cross Shelters by American Red Cross management staff will be supplied by American Red Cross. Management supplies for use in American Red Cross Shelters by Department of Social Service management staff will be supplied by Department of Social Services. Management supplies for use in American Red Cross shelters by Department of Health management staff will be supplied by the Department of Health. 
     
  • Mass care guidelines outlined in American Red Cross 3000 Series, Disaster Regulations will be adhered to in all shelters operated by the American Red Cross. 
     
  • Medical evacuee tracking system should be the responsibility of the Department of Health as American Red Cross staff and volunteers are not medical staff. 
     
  • Blood supplied through the blood donor program would be the responsibility of the Carolinas’ Blood Region out of Charlotte in cooperation with the Fictitious County Chapter of American Red Cross. 
     
  • It is the responsibility of American Red Cross to answer inquiries and inform families on status of individuals injured or missing in accordance with established National American Red Cross guidelines. If it is a major / catastrophic disaster, it will be National American Red Cross that advises American Red Cross when the moratorium on such procedures is lifted. Usually, there is a 24 hour period before tracing calls can by accepted by American Red Cross Chapters. When moratorium is lifted there is a nationally set guideline for the guidelines. In addition, some people do not want to be traced or information given out. Their request, we must respect. 
     
  • The American Red Cross also has access to the resources of the American National Red Cross in time of major and/or catastrophic disaster(s).
     
  • Additional duties are also found in the various Annexes and Procedures.
     
      3. Animal Control
   
 
  • Recruit and assemble a Fictitious County Animal Response Team.
     
  • Maintain current notification / recall rosters for the Fictitious County Animal Response Team.
     
  • Identify and survey animal shelter sites to be used in the event of an emergency.
     
  • Secure cooperation of property owners for use of shelter space.
     
  • Develop procedures to activate and deactivate animal shelters and develop animal standard operating guidelines.
     
  • Establish public information and education programs regarding animal response.
     
  • In conjunction with Emergency Management, provide for Animal Response Team training.
     
  • Assign a liaison individual to report to the Emergency Operations Center, upon activation, to assist in animal response operations.
     
  • Assist the Emergency Management Coordinator and other county, municipal, town or village agency representatives who are conducting emergency operations in establishing priorities for animal rescue efforts.
     
  • In conjunction with Emergency Management, and American Red Cross where appropriate, designate animal shelter sites during animal response operations.
     
  • Coordinate with the State Animal Response Team, Health Department and other agencies to provide technical and logistical support during animal response operations.
     
  • Additional duties are also found in the various Annexes and Procedures.
     
    4. City / Town / Village / County Manager
   
 
  • Ensure county agencies develop and continually update emergency plans and Standard Operating Guidelines (SOG’s) to respond to emergencies or disasters. 
     
  • Ensure that exercises and tests of the emergency systems are conducted on a periodic basis. 
     
  • Report to the Emergency Operations Center upon activation and assist the local Emergency Management Coordinator in the direction and control of the major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Ensure that representatives for Emergency Operations Center staff as designated (e.g. Finance Director, Health Director, Public Information Officer, etc.) report to the Emergency Operations Center upon activation to provide direction and control. 
     
  • Function as the Official county spokesperson and Information Officer or ensure that a qualified trained Information Officer is in place. 
     
  • Provide administrative support for the local, state, and federal emergency response agencies where the county / city / town / village has jurisdiction and responsibility. 
     
  • Ensure means are available within the jurisdiction to gather necessary information, e.g. fuel storage facilities, major distributors, and end user status, during the emergencies or disasters. 
     
  • Ensure timely and equitable implementation of the Emergency Response. 
     
  • Provide general assistance to the state in minimizing the adverse social and economic aspects of energy supply disruptions by encouraging recommended conservation programs both in the public and private sectors. 
     
  • Implement direction, control, coordination, and policy making functions as necessary to provide for optimum protection of public health and safety within the jurisdiction. 
     
  • Implement emergency policies / ordinances as appropriate on behalf of the county / city / town / village governing body. 
     
  • Ensure that information and reports are forwarded through the area office to the state division of Emergency Management regarding an emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Upon the recommendation of the local Emergency Management Coordinator issue and terminate an evacuation order when appropriate within the county. 
     
  • Authorize emergency service and law enforcement agencies to support evacuation and to enter and leave the threatened area(s). 
     
  • Assure the protection of public documents and public facilities during the emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Provide support to the local Emergency Management Agency during a major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • The county / city / town / village Managers should advise the Fictitious County Emergency Management Coordinator when any type of county / city / town / village resource(s) leave their jurisdiction to assist in any major emergency or disaster outside Fictitious County. 
     
  • Additional duties are also found in the various Annexes and Procedures. (Also see the Managers' Checklist).
     
    5. Communications Director 
   
 
  • Develop Communications Annex and Standard Operation Guidelines. 
     
  • Ensure that communication guidelines are established for the use of logs, message forms and message control. 
     
  • Develop guidelines for obtaining and restoring telephone services during emergencies or disasters. 
     
  • Prepare authentication charts and devices for use during an emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Maintain current internal communication notification / recall rosters. 
     
  • Identify potential sources of additional communication equipment and supplies. 
     
  • Provide radio repair capabilities and maintenance operations under emergency or disaster conditions. 
     
  • Ensure communication training for all county telecommunication personnel including volunteers and maintenance personnel. 
     
  • Test and maintain communications equipment on a regularly scheduled basis. 
     
  • Provide for regular testing of the emergency generators. 
     
  • Provide for radio system compatibility and networking. 
     
  • Provide for the delivery of primary and backup radio communications (fixed and mobile). 
     
  • Report to the Emergency Operations Center upon activation and provide direction and control for communications operations. 
     
  • Staff, equip, and operate emergency communications facilities and systems. 
     
  • Coordinate radio, telephone and teletype resources in the county. 
     
  • Coordinate communications net with surrounding counties, the state and the county during a major emergency or disasters.
     
  • Develop guidelines which define agency responsibilities, describe activation guidelines and detail the warning systems for notifying the general public. 
     
  • Develop listing of warning equipment, locations and areas of coverage. 
     
  • Develop guidelines to alert key officials. 
     
  • Develop guidelines to activate the Emergency Alert System. 
     
  • Provide for testing and exercising of the warning guidelines for special locations such as schools, hospitals, nursing homes, major industries and institutions. 
     
  • Assist the Emergency Management Coordinator in analyzing siren locations and area coverage in relation to potential hazards. 
     
  • Develop a flood warning system for areas in the county subject to frequent flooding. 
     
  • Arrange with public service agencies to augment warning capabilities. 
     
  • Report to Emergency Operations Center upon activation to direct and control warning operations. 
     
  • Coordinate with the Information Officer to distribute necessary information to the media and public. 
     
  • Ensure off duty / volunteer  communications staff can be recalled on short notice to supplement on duty personnel. 
     
  • Ensure information pertinent to the emergency / disaster situation is provided to the Emergency Operations Center via hard copy. 
     
  • Develop and maintain an inventory of radio frequencies, communications equipment, call signs, etc. of other Emergency Operations Center and communications resources to supplement local resources. 
     
  • Establish guidelines to control two-way radio communications between the Emergency Operations Center and other forces, such as hospitals, ambulance dispatch points and amateur communications networks. 
     
  • Develop and maintain equipment, methods, and guidelines for communications between the Emergency Operations Center and on scene emergency resources. 
     
  • Additional duties are also found in the various Annexes and Procedures.
     
    6. Damage Assessment Officer
   
 
  • Develop, review and annually update guidelines for damage reporting and accounting. 
     
  • Train personnel in damage assessment, organization, techniques and reporting guidelines. 
     
  • Maintain a damage assessment team and notification / recall roster. 
     
  • Report to Emergency Operations Center upon activation and coordinate damage assessment operations in conjunction with Emergency Management Coordinator. 
     
  • Assign damage assessment teams and deploy as appropriate. Ensure each team has communications with the Emergency Operations Center. 
     
  • Inform emergency operations officials of hazardous facilities, bridges, roads, etc. 
     
  • Compile damage reports for appropriate agencies. 
     
  • Assist the Emergency Management Coordinator and municipal agency representatives who are conducting recovery operations in prioritizing repairs and restoration of effected facilities. 
     
  • Identify and maintain a list of critical facilities (public buildings, streets, bridges, etc.) requiring priority repairs. 
     
  • Collect and compile incoming damage reports from teams in the field to include county and private agencies such as American Red Cross, school systems, and private nonprofit / government utilities. 
     
  • Ensure that response agencies initiate documentation of all costs incurred subsequent to the emergency / disaster. 
     
  • Document all emergency work performed by local resources, including appropriate photographs.
     
  • Provide for submission of accurate, detailed and timely Initial Damage Assessment Reports to the Emergency Management Coordinator. 
     
  • Collate and consolidate all expenditures and damage assessment information for transmittal to North Carolina Emergency Management Offices. 
     
  • Provide support to the local Emergency Management Agency when requested. 
     
  • Develop standard operation guidelines for Damage Assessment Team Members to function under during emergency or disaster assessment listed in the Emergency Operations Plan.
     
  • Additional duties are also found in the various Annexes and Procedures.
     
    7. Damage Assessment Team Members
   
 
  • Assist the Damage Assessment Officer and Emergency Management Coordinator in maintaining readiness by checking equipment and supplies, attending training sessions and reporting any changes to personnel rosters. 
     
  • Upon notification, report to the Damage Assessment Officer for emergency assignments as soon as conditions permit. 
     
  • Review roles and responsibilities based on the Damage Assessment Annex to this plan.
     
  • Survey assigned areas, record damage on damage assessment worksheet(s) (also see Damage Assessment database) and transmit general damage assessment information to the Emergency Operations Center
     
  • Immediately report to the Emergency Operations Center any situations posing an immediate threat to public safety (downed power lines, gas leaks, etc.). 
     
  • Return when directed and provide damage assessment worksheet(s) to the Damage Assessment Officer. 
     
  • Follow protocols and procedures and accurately record information. 
     
  • Additional duties are also found in the various Annexes and Procedures.
     
     8. Debris Management Coordinator
   
 
  • Develop debris management plan(s) for major emergency or disaster events. 
     
  • Develop contracts for debris removal and disposal services for major emergency or disaster events. 
     
  • Develop checklist relating to debris removal, storage, reduction, and disposal process. 
     
  • Alert local departments that have debris removal responsibilities. 
     
  • Ensure that personnel, facilities, and equipment are ready and available for emergency or disaster use. 
     
  • Relocate personnel and resources out of harm’s way and stage in areas where they can be effectively mobilized. 
     
  • Identify potential local debris storage sites who may assist in debris removal process. 
     
  • Develop and coordinate pre-scripted announcements with the Public Information Officer (PIO) regarding debris removal process, collection times, and location of temporary storage sites. 
     
  • Coordinate all debris removal and disposal activities during a major emergency or disasters. 
  • Cooperate with all local, state, and federal agencies for a major emergency or disaster response and recovery operations. 
     
  • Develop requests for additional assistance from state and federal agencies. 
     
  • Assess debris characteristics such as: 
    • Quantities and types.
    • Rural, urban, and/or agricultural locations. 
    • Type of damage debris from private homes, mobile homes, public facilities, and commercial buildings. 
    • Quantity and types of household hazardous waste.
       
  • Report to the Emergency Operations Center upon the request of the local Emergency Management Coordinator to direct and control the debris operations. 
     
  • Additional duties are also found in the various Annexes and Procedures.
     
    9. Emergency Management Coordinator
   
 
  • Carry out the duties and responsibilities as assigned by the Fictitious County Emergency Management Ordinance.
     
  • Coordinate the development of this Emergency Operations Plan.
     
  • Develop and maintain a functional Emergency Operations Center. Select and equip an alternate Emergency Operations Center and/or mobile communications unit. 
     
  • Ensure that a system is developed and implemented to manage information (including internal messages) pertaining to the emergency situation and disseminate it to other levels of government, the public and private sector. 
     
  • Acquire maps, status boards and other display devices for the Emergency Operations Center which identify high hazard areas and pre-selected control / monitoring points. 
     
  • Ensure that an events log (casualty and health concerns, property damage, fire status, size of risk area, scope of hazard, number of evacuees, radiation does, etc.) is compiled and displayed in the Emergency Operations Center throughout the duration of the emergency. 
     
  • Provide for acquisition / stocking of food, water supplies, and other equipment necessary for the effective operation of the Emergency Operations Center / staff. 
     
  • Provide for acquisition / stocking of Emergency Operations Center administrative supplies and equipment. 
     
  • Identify personnel / agencies having resources to support Emergency Operations Center operations. 
     
  • Develop a schedule for testing, maintaining, and repairing Emergency Operations Center and other emergency equipment. 
     
  • Develop and maintain the Emergency Operations Center Standard Operating Guidelines including an activation checklist and notification / recall roster. 
     
  • Alert staff and activate Emergency Operations Center (for 24 hour coverage if necessary) when notified of potential / emergency situations. 
     
  • Ensure that Emergency Operations Center staff acknowledge and authenticate reports. 
     
  • Ensure staff and officials that briefings are conducted periodically during the emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Establish and maintain coordination with other jurisdictional Emergency Operations Centers as appropriate. 
     
  • Coordinate emergency or disaster activities with state and federal agencies / organizations. 
     
  • After Emergency Operations Center deactivation, ensure equipment is restored to a “ready” condition and Emergency Operations Center supplies are replenished. 
     
  • Develop guidelines to warn areas not covered by existing warning systems. 
     
  • Analyze the county in relation to potential hazards, emergency situations, and disaster incidents which could occur. 
     
  • Coordinate emergency or disaster resources with neighboring counties. 
     
  • Develop and maintain a public information and education program. 
     
  • Establish and maintain a working relationship with the media. 
     
  • Ensure the implementation of all public activities. 
     
  • Direct and assist the Public Information Officer in disseminating emergency or disaster information to the public. 
     
  • Identify potential evacuation areas in accordance with the county’s hazard analysis. 
     
  • Develop evacuation guidelines. 
     
  • Identify population groups requiring special assistance during evacuation (e.g. senior citizens, the very ill and disabled, nursing homes, prison populations, etc.). 
     
  • Assure that institutions within the county have evacuation guidelines. 
     
  • Coordinate with private industry for use of privately owned vehicles, communication, or other resources needed for evacuation management. 
     
  • Select staging areas or route for pickup of persons without transportation. 
     
  • Assure, as required, the transportation of emergency workers into and out of hazard areas.
     
  • Coordinate the evacuation movement including the relocation into other jurisdictions. 
     
  • Designate and activate reception and shelter areas within the county and coordinate with Emergency Management Coordinator from adjoining counties to ensure that reception areas and shelters have been designated in their counties and activated to receive relocatees. 
     
  • Monitor the progress of the evacuation and modify evacuation guidelines when needed.
     
  • Brief Emergency Operations Center staff and executive group on evacuation status. 
     
  • Establish disaster assistance centers as appropriate. 
     
  • At the direction of the Chairman, Board of County Commissioners, initiate the return of the population as soon as conditions are safe. 
     
  • Identify and arrange for survey of shelters. 
     
  • Identify congregate care/shelter facilities for short term use which have lodging and mass feeding capabilities.
     
  • Develop guidelines to activate and deactivate shelters and ensure that American Red Cross and Department of Social Services develop shelter operation guidelines. 
     
  • Identify campgrounds in the reception area to accommodate families evacuated in recreational vehicles. 
     
  • Assist in assigning congregate care/shelter teams if requested by the primary shelter agency. 
     
  • Designate shelter facilities with the shortest commuting distance to the hazardous area for essential workers and their families. 
     
  • Coordinate overall hazardous material incidents or accidents with local emergency responding agencies, state emergency responding agencies, federal emergency responding agencies, private emergency responding agencies and any other agencies responding to the incident or accidents. 
     
  • When a hazardous material incident or accident occurs on any roadway or fixed facilities located in the county, the Emergency Management Coordinator should coordinate the cleanup efforts with the state or federal environmental protection association requirements. 
     
  • The Emergency Management Coordinator should always evaluate the hazardous material incident or accident to ensure all safety precautions are being taken to protect all the emergency responders on scene and the citizens in the county. 
     
  • Coordinate a training program on hazardous material incidents with the private, local and state emergency service department who will be responding to any hazardous material incident or accident in the county. 
     
  • Appoint a Hazardous Material Operation Officer on any hazardous material incident or accident to coordinate the operation with the Incident Commander on scene.  The Hazardous Material Operation Officer is only a liaison person to the Incident Commander. 
     
  • Develop mutual aid agreements with neighboring jurisdictions to exchange hazardous material data. 
     
  • Appoint a Damage Assessment Officer to coordinate overall damage assessment operations. 
     
  • Recruit Damage Assessment Team Members. 
     
  • Provide Damage Assessment training on an annual basis. 
     
  • Maintain sufficient quantities of needed forms and supplies for Damage Assessment Teams and other departments / agencies assisting with assessment/recovery operations.
     
  • Ensure agencies / organizations begin maintaining expense records at onset of the emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Secure resources to support and assist with damage assessment activities (maps, tax data, cameras, identification, etc.). 
     
  • Establish / appoint a Utilities Liaison to coordinate information flow between the Emergency Operations Center and affected utilities. 
     
  • Develop and disseminate, as appropriate, public information and educational programs relating to an emergency and disaster recovery (DAC locations, days/times of operation, etc.). 
     
  • Assist with securing Damage Assessment Center facilities and equipment (chairs, tables, telephones, etc.).  
     
  • Assist with identification and notification of applicants that may be eligible for Public Assistance programs (local government entities, private nonprofit organizations, Indian tribes, etc.).
     
  • Perform assigned duties according to state statutes and local ordinances. 
     
  • Responsible for planning in accordance with Federal and State guidelines and coordinating of emergency operations within the jurisdiction. 
     
  • Establish and equip the county Emergency Operations Center to include primary and backup radio communications (Fixed and Mobile), and provide for operations on a continuous basis as required. 
     
  • Ensure adequate training for the Emergency Management Response Team Members and other support agencies that will be used during a major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Maintain current list of available resources within the county. 
     
  • Coordinate exercises and tests of the emergency systems within the jurisdiction. 
     
  • Maintain liaison with utility companies to arrange for backup water, power, and telephone service during an emergency. 
     
  • Maintain administrative records as required. 
     
  • Alert and activate, as required, the County Emergency Management Organization when informed of an emergency or disaster within the county.
     
  • Receive requests for assistance from municipalities within the county and direct aid to areas where needed. 
     
  • Ensure that narrative and operational journals are kept during the emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Ensure necessary information and reports are issued on schedule. 
     
  • Support the Local Emergency Planning Committee in maintaining liaison with facility emergency coordinators to ensure availability of current information concerning hazards and response to an incident. 
     
  • Ensure a critique of incident responses to assess and update guidelines as needed. 
     
  • Serve as the Community Emergency Coordinator as identified in SARA, Title III
     
  • Serve as liaison for the Local Emergency Planning Committee in coordinating planning efforts with other political subdivisions for facilities that effect multiple jurisdictions. 
     
  • Activate the preplan or implement the necessary steps to safeguard human life property, and the environment in accordance with available guidance. 
     
  • Secure the area as required by the situation. 
     
  • Identify the material involved without undue risk of exposure.
     
  • Assess the situation and communicate the results to responding agencies, the Emergency Operations Center, and facility representative. 
     
  • When the Emergency Operations Center is activated in the county, an Incident Command System shall be implemented and followed throughout the operation period (24 Hours). 
     
  • Develop strategy (confinement, containment, neutralization) and implement tactics (evacuation, offensive or defensive posture) with regard to available resources and capability of personnel. 
     
  • Analyze personnel and equipment requirements to meet potential hazards and maintain a resource manual. 
     
  • Develop mutual aid agreements for use of resources. 
     
  • Identify additional emergency resources from local business and industry and other agencies. 
     
  • Coordinate resource use under emergency conditions and provide a system to protect these resources (i.e., essential personnel and equipment). 
     
  • Request additional resources in those cases where county resources cannot meet response or recovery requirements. 
     
  • Provide sources of information and coordination at the local level; assist the area staff and the energy policy council in obtaining the essential data for implementation of contingency plans, i.e. tertiary storage facilities, locations (town, city, village, county) of facilities and jurisdiction consumer status. 
     
  • Furnish timely information on the local supply and provide technical and educational assistance to wholesalers, wholesale purchase consumers and end users, i.e. awareness programs of energy emergencies, forms processing, and training programs. 
     
  • Maintain general awareness of supply and demand within the jurisdiction through the Local Emergency Planning Committee; SARA Title III information to include extremely hazardous and hazardous chemical facilities and petroleum distributors and products. 
     
  • Request assistance from State of North Carolina Emergency Management through the Western Branch Area Office of the State Emergency Operations Center, as needed in an emergency or disaster operation. 
     
  • Additional duties are also found in the various Annexes and Procedures.
     
    10. Emergency Medical Service Director
   
 
  • Plan for coordination of EMS / Rescue activities throughout the county during a major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Develop mutual aid agreements with other ambulance services for a major emergency or disaster response. 
     
  • Coordinate with the hospital disaster coordinators on use of medical facilities within the county for mass casualty incidents. 
     
  • Develop guidelines with assistance from facility owners and operators, in accordance with local protocols, for: 
    • Treatment of contaminated patients. 
    • Decontamination of patients and equipment. 
    • Direction and control of mass casualty incidents as a result of the release of hazardous materials. 
       
  • Maintain field communications with other emergency or response groups. 
     
  • Maintain liaison with American Red Cross and other volunteer service agencies to support first aid and supplement medical resources in shelters and other emergency or disaster situations. 
     
  • Provide for the dispatch of ambulances and the transport of patients to medical facilities. 
     
  • Maintain a casualty tracking system during a major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Provide care to the extent that local medical standing orders allow. 
     
  • Implement a management system such as Incident Command System (ICS) as needed. 
     
  • Coordinate transportation of casualties to health care facilities. 
     
  • Report to the Emergency Operations Center upon activation and assist the local Emergency Management Coordinator in the direction and control of emergency medical service operations. 
     
  • Provide emergency medical service support to the local Emergency Management Agency during a major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Develop standard operation guidelines for emergency medical service to function by during major emergencies or disasters listed in the Emergency Operations Plan. 
     
  • The Emergency Medical Service Director shall advise the Fictitious County Emergency Management Coordinator when any type of ambulance service equipment or persons leave their jurisdiction to assist in any major emergency or disaster outside Fictitious County
     
  • Additional duties are also found in the various Annexes and Procedures.
     
    11. Finance Director
   
 
  • Identify resources and maintain current inventories of resources including sources and quantities. 
     
  • Develop guidelines for initiating and maintaining financial accounting records for all agencies during emergencies or disasters. 
     
  • Provide for maintaining a current internal notification / recall roster. 
     
  • Develop guidelines for the procurement and delivery of essential resources and supplies on a timely basis. 
     
  • Provide for the storage, maintenance, and replenishment / replacement of essential equipment and materials (medical supplies, food and water, radiological instruments, etc.). 
     
  • Set priorities on available resources and implement resource controls to restore essential services. 
     
  • Request funding for the procurement of additional protective equipment, instruments, antidotes, and clothing for use in a hazardous chemical incident. 
     
  • Request funding for maintaining equipment for hazard chemical evaluation and exposure control. 
     
  • Request funding for the deployment, recall and monitoring of resource equipment. 
     
  • Report to the Emergency Operations Center upon activation and assist the local Emergency Management Coordinator in the direction and control of resource management operations. 
     
  • Ensure that financial records of expenditures are kept during emergencies and disasters. (also see FEMA Equipment Rate Schedule)
     
  • Pre-audit all agreements entered for the provision of emergency or disaster resources, as necessary. 
     
  • Provide support to Emergency Management during a major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Additional duties are also found in the various Annexes and Procedures.
     
    12. Fire Departments
   
 
  • Perform firefighting operations during any major emergency or disaster for your local jurisdiction. 
     
  • The fire officer of each fire department should use an Incident Command System to coordinate the emergency efforts within their jurisdiction during any major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Be able to provide special firefighting or rescue operations (Hazardous Materials, Building Collapse, etc.) during any major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Assist in evacuation of areas within the fire departments' jurisdiction during any major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Support the Emergency Medical Service with first responder personnel during any emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Assist in opening major and secondary roadways by removing fallen debris or trees so emergency services will be able to respond throughout the disaster area in the County / Cities / Towns / Villages. 
     
  • Assist in the transportation of disaster team member(s) from home to emergency or disaster assignment area (back home if needed). 
     
  • Provide support to the local Emergency Management Agency during a major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Develop standard operation guidelines for the fire department to function under during a major emergency or disaster listed in the Emergency Operations Plan. 
     
  • The Fire Chief shall advise the Fictitious County Emergency Management Coordinator when any type of fire department equipment or persons leave their jurisdiction to assist in any major in any major emergency or disaster outside Fictitious County
     
  • Additional duties are also found in the various Annexes and Procedures.
     
    13. Fire Marshal
   
 
  • Prepare Standard Operations Guidelines for coordination of fire fighting and rescue operations during major emergencies and disasters. 
     
  • Develop fire department and rescue mutual aid agreements for major emergencies and disaster events. 
     
  • Prepare inventories of all fire / rescue equipment and personnel resources. 
     
  • Report to Emergency Operations Center upon activation and direct and control firefighting and rescue operations.
     
  • Assist in warning and notifying the affected population of an existing or impending emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Assist in deploying fire / rescue personnel and equipment during major emergencies or disasters. 
     
  • Provide fire equipment and personnel to supplement reception areas fire service. 
     
  • Request fire fighting or rescue mutual aid from municipalities (if applicable) and other counties to the emergencies or disaster site within the county. 
     
  • Designate staging areas for fire fighting / rescue mutual aid and volunteer forces responding from other areas. 
     
  • Alert all emergency support services to the dangers hazards associated with the emergency or disaster operations. 
     
  • Advise decision makers on the hazards associated with hazardous materials. 
     
  • Support rescue squad units in their emergencies or disaster operations. 
     
  • Provide fire protection for emergency or disaster shelters when opened. 
     
  • Assist in handling inquiries and informing families on the status of individuals injured or missing due to a major emergency or disaster event.
     
  • Provide support personnel to assist in traffic control and damage assessment operations. 
     
  • Conduct fire inspections during recovery. 
     
  • Inspect emergency or disaster shelter sites for fire safety. 
     
  • In conjunction with Law Enforcement and the Transportation Coordinator, establish staging areas.
     
  • Support the evacuation of the special institutions and handicapped / disabled individuals. 
     
  • Ensure all emergency service persons are properly trained for the emergency or disaster incident duties there are required to perform (Incident Command Systems, the required Level of Hazardous Material Training, Special Technical Rescue Operations, etc.).
     
  • Provide support to the local Emergency Management Agency during a major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Assist in developing standard operation guidelines for fire and rescue departments.
     
  • The Fictitious County Fire Marshal shall advise the Fictitious County Emergency Management Coordinator when any type of fire service members or equipment leaves their jurisdiction to assist in any major emergency or disaster outside Fictitious County.
     
  • Additional duties are also found in the various Annexes and Procedures.
     
    14. Health Director
   
 
  • Prepare guidelines for emergency or disaster public health operations.
     
  • Develop and implement health awareness and public information programs regarding emergency or disaster personal health and safety. 
     
  • Report to the Emergency Operations Center upon activation and provide direction and control for emergency public health operations. 
     
  • Provide for health care at emergency facilities including shelters and congregate care / reception centers. 
     
  • Develop, plan, and coordinate medical service delivery for special needs population. 
     
  • Coordinate and provide environmental health activities and services for waste disposal, refuse, food, water, vector/vermin control, and sanitation to prevent and control communicable diseases. 
     
  • Coordinate the distribution of exposure inhibition or mitigating drugs, vaccines or other preventable medications. 
     
  • Coordinate with health, mental health and other volunteer/non-volunteer agencies, both public and private, to provide support personnel during sheltering.
     
  • Secure cooperation of building owners for use of Department of Social Service Shelter space. 
     
  • Promulgate applicable health information and regulations appropriate to the medical debris incident. 
     
  • As requested by local Law Enforcement, assist with the technical information that may be required to safely remove or store the material and prepare it for shipment to the Health Services Lab in the Bath Building in Raleigh, as necessary and appropriate. 
     
  • When local disposal of the medical debris is deemed appropriate, the local official having custody of the material must first obtain permission from the assigned State Bureau investigator in order to do so. 
     
  • The Health Department will assist in the enforcement of regulations and the initiation of legal actions against parties responsible for release of hazardous materials in violation of regulations.
     
  • Provide support to the local Emergency Management Agency during a major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Develop standard operation guidelines for the health service persons to function under during a major emergency or disaster listed in the Emergency Operations Plan.
     
  • Additional duties are also found in the various Annexes and Procedures.
     
    15. Hospital Disaster Coordinator
   
 
  • Maintain listing of medical facilities. 
     
  • Provide direction and control for hospital staff during emergencies, coordinating the receipt of casualties and medical resources to health care facilities.
     
  • Identify facilities that could be expanded into emergency treatment centers.
     
  • Prepare guidelines for reducing patient populations (e.g. discharge of less critically ill patients). 
     
  • Implement hospital emergency or disaster plan. 
     
  • Maintain liaison with EMS Director and provide medical guidance as needed to field units. 
     
  • Establish and maintain inter-hospital medical communications. 
     
  • Provide for emergency treatment and hospital care of disaster patients and arrange for a hospital triage team when appropriate. 
     
  • Dispatch triage physician teams to emergency or disaster site as requested by the local Emergency Management Agency. 
     
  • Provide for medical care centers in the hazard area and provide for the medical care and preventative medical treatment of essential workers and injured persons. 
     
  • Arrange for the restocking of medical supplies and equipment during the recovery phase.
     
  • Report to the Emergency Operations Center upon the request of the local Emergency Management Agency to assist in the direction and control between the hospital and emergency or disaster operations.
     
  • Develop standard operation guidelines for the hospital staff to function under during a major emergency or disaster listed in the Emergency Operations Plan.
     
  • Additional duties are also found in the various Annexes and Procedures.
     
    16. Public Information Officer
   
 
  • Prepare an annex and Standard Operation Guidelines for the coordination of information during emergencies. 
     
  • Prepare and maintain a current internal notification / recall roster of staff to man the Emergency Operations Center Media Center. 
     
  • Maintain working relationships with the media and a current list of radio stations, television stations and newspapers to be used for public information releases. 
     
  • Establish guidelines for the flow of information to the public in a major emergency or disaster which shall include the Emergency Alert System (EAS). 
     
  • Prepare written statements of agreements with the media to provide for dissemination of essential emergency information and warning to the public, including the appropriate protective actions to be taken. 
     
  • Arrange points of contact for releases of public information in an emergency and for briefings to media representatives when appropriate. 
     
  • Assist in the preparation and review of Emergency Public Information (EPI) materials for all hazards affecting the county. 
     
  • Report to the Emergency Operations Center upon activation and coordinate the release of emergency or disaster related information with local agencies and State and Federal governments. 
     
  • Provide rumor control and publicize the telephone number of a rumor control line where official emergency or disaster information can be obtained by the public.
     
  • Clear information with the chief executive before release to the media.
     
  • Prepare and distribute prescripted EPI materials to the media (newspapers, radio and television, and etc.). 
     
  • Ensure the EPI materials for visually impaired and non-English speaking groups are disseminated. 
     
  • Ensure that all sources of information being received are authenticated and verified for accuracy. 
     
  • Assist in handling inquiries and informing families about places of contact for missing relatives, continued emergency services, restricted areas, etc. 
     
  • Prepare and release announcements urging residents to share homes with evacuees when appropriate. 
     
  • Develop media advisories for the public. 
     
  • Maintain current inventories of public information resources. 
     
  • Develop and implement when necessary a public information program to increase citizen awareness and responsiveness to evacuation instructions. 
     
  • Conduct a public information campaign to disseminate disaster assistance information as necessary. 
     
  • Inform the public about evacuation routes, destinations and other vital information. 
     
  • Provide support to the local Emergency Management Agency during a major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Develop standard operation guidelines for the information persons to function under during a major emergency or disaster listed in the Emergency Operations Plan.
     
  • Additional duties are also found in the various Annexes and Procedures.
     
    17. Medical Examiner
   
 
  • Develop guidelines for the recovery, registration and disposition of the dead. These guidelines should include use of professionals and volunteers to identify dead, to document dead, and establish a morgue. 
     
  • Supervise the location and transportation of the remains of the deceased. 
     
  • Certify the causes of death of the deceased victims and issue death certificates.
     
  • Notify next-of-kin and release the remains and personal effects to proper representatives. 
     
  • Issue press releases in conjunction with the Public Information Officer
     
  • Identify resource equipment and supplies (e.g. refrigerated trucks, body bags). 
     
  • Coordinate with search and rescue teams. 
     
  • Coordinate with funeral directors, ambulance services, pathologists, ARC, dentists, Xray technicians and law enforcement in a mass casualty incident. 
     
  • If required, provide support to the local Emergency Management Agency during a major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Develop standard operation guidelines for the medical examiner persons to function under during a major emergency or disaster listed in the Emergency Operations Plan.
     
  • Additional duties are also found in the various Annexes and Procedures.
     
    18. Mental Health Director
   
 
  • Develop guidelines to provide mental health services during emergencies or disasters. 
     
  • Develop a terrorist attack threat training guide for counseling personnel. 
     
  • Provide crisis intervention training for personnel assigned to mental health teams. 
     
  • Implement emergency or disaster plans for mental health facilities. 
     
  • Provide mental health professionals for treatment of emergency or disaster victims. 
     
  • Provide sites as available for temporary hospitals / clinics. 
     
  • Maintain a 24 hour Crisis Line during periods of evacuation. 
     
  • Identify evacuees in reception centers and shelters who have experienced mental stress and provide them with Mental Health Services. 
     
  • Ensure continuity of mental health treatment and medication for relocatees. 
     
  • Provide crisis counseling to professionals and support staff working with the relocated population. 
     
  • Arrange for debriefings or psychological support for emergency workers and disaster victims. 
     
  • Provide 24 hour staffing for emergency or disaster shelters. 
     
  • If requested during a major emergency or disaster, provide support to the local Emergency Management Agency. 
     
  • Develop standard operation guidelines for the mental health persons to function under during a major emergency or disaster listed in the Emergency Operations Plan. 
     
  • Additional duties are also found in the various Annexes and Procedures.
     
    19. Missing Person Search and Rescue Operations
   
 
  • The law enforcement agency which has a missing person event within their jurisdiction in the county, shall be designated search coordinating agency. 
     
  • The rescue squad officer shall coordinate all search and rescue operation activities within their jurisdiction in the county for any missing person(s). 
     
  • The fire department shall be used as a resource for the rescue squad officer during any search and rescue operations in the county for any missing person(s). 
     
  • The Emergency Management Coordinator will request state search and rescue resources after local resources have been exhausted or determined to be inadequate for the search and rescue operation in the county for any missing person(s).
     
  • The law enforcement agencies, rescue squad units, fire departments, and emergency management agencies shall use Incident Command System to coordinate search and rescue operations in the county for any missing person(s). 
     
  • Law enforcement officers, rescue squad unit members, fire department members, and emergency management personnel shall be properly trained and certified to perform their assigned task during any search and rescue operation in the county for any missing person(s). 
     
  • Emergency Medical Service with first responder personnel shall be provided during any search and rescue operation in the county for any missing person(s). 
     
  • Law enforcement officers, rescue squad officers, fire department officers, and emergency medical officers shall develop standard operation guidelines for their organizations to function under during a search and rescue operation for mission person(s).
     
  • Additional duties are also found in the various Annexes and Procedures.
     
    20. Public Works / Maintenance Director
   
 
  • Prepare guidelines to provide public / maintenance works functions during emergencies or disasters (e.g. roads, streets, sewer, water, and utility services). 
     
  • Develop and maintain resource lists with source, location, and availability of equipment, fuel, and operational personnel to support response / recovery operations. 
     
  • Work jointly with Department of Transportation (DOT) to direct and dispatch public works mutual aid from other county / city jurisdictions.
     
  • Coordinate backup electrical power to the Emergency Operations Center and to the Emergency Shelters. 
     
  • Conduct emergency debris clearance operations when requested by the local Emergency Management Coordinator during a major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Provide emergency potable water if requested by the local Emergency Management Coordinator during a major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Store and provide fuel for emergency vehicles if requested by the local Emergency Management Coordinator during a major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Provide sanitation services during emergencies if requested by the local Emergency Management Coordinator during a major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Prepare emergency maintenance or public work required reports and forward to the Emergency Operations Center. 
     
  • Maintain emergency power, water and sanitation resources at vital facilities in the County during emergencies or disasters. 
     
  • Provide transportation coordination for special service vehicles if requested by the local Emergency Management Coordinator during any major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Assist in damage assessment operations and relay damage assessment information to the Emergency Operations Center. 
     
  • Inspect emergency or disaster shelter sites for serviceability. 
     
  • Prepare and mark public / special needs shelters as directed by the Emergency Management Coordinator. 
     
  • Provide support to the local Emergency Management Agency during a major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Develop standard operation guidelines for the public / maintenance workers to function under during a major emergency or disaster listed in the Emergency Operations Plan.
     
  • Additional duties are also found in the various Annexes and Procedures.
     
    21. Rescue Squad Units
   
 
  • Perform search and rescue during any major emergencies or disasters within their local jurisdiction.
     
  • Be able to provide special search and rescue operations (Swift Water, Trench Rescue, Confined Space Rescue, etc.) during any major emergencies or disasters. 
     
  • Assist in evacuation of areas throughout the county during any major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Support the Emergency Medical Service in the form of personnel and transport units. 
     
  • Provide Emergency First Responder service when required during any major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Assist in opening major and secondary roadways by removing fallen debris so any major emergency service will be able to respond throughout the emergency or disaster area in the county. 
     
  • Provide a support role for emergency operations as needed for public warning, traffic, traffic control, and etc. 
     
  • Assist in the transportation of emergency or disaster shelter team member(s) from home to the disaster assignment area or shelter and back home if needed. 
     
  • The rescue squad officers and members should be prepared to work under an Incident Command System to coordinate all of the emergency efforts during any major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • The Rescue Squad Chief should develop mutual aid agreements with other county rescue squad units to respond to the county during any major emergencies or disasters. 
     
  • The Rescue Squad Chief should prepare a resource list of the emergency rescue squad equipment and personnel which can be used for any major emergency and disaster. 
     
  • Provide support to the local Emergency Management Agency during a major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Develop standard operation guidelines for the rescue squad persons to function under during a major emergency or disaster listed in the Emergency Operations Plan. 
     
  • Additional duties are also found in the various Annexes and Procedures.
     
  22. Superintendent of Schools
 
  • Support transportation operations during evacuation and return. Provide buses with fuel when necessary. 
     
  • Provide support personnel (teachers, counselors, and bus drivers).
     
  • Establish economic stabilization operations to include food rationing and price stabilization. 
     
  • Open schools for shelters as needed. 
     
  • Provide support to the local Emergency Management Agency during a major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Develop standard operation guidelines for the school persons to function under during a major emergency or disaster listed in the Emergency Operation Plan. 
     
  • Additional duties are also found in the various Annexes and Procedures.
     
    23. Sheriff / Police Chief
   
 
  • Plan for conducting traffic control and other law enforcement operations throughout the county / cities / towns / villages during any emergencies or disasters. 
     
  • Develop law enforcement mutual aid agreements with other outside municipalities and counties to the major emergencies or disaster sites. 
     
  • Provide security for the Emergency Operational Center personnel and equipment throughout the operational periods (24 hours). 
     
  • Develop Standard Operation Guidelines for major emergency and disaster response for law enforcement officers. 
     
  • Assist in evacuation of the emergency or disaster area and movement to shelters. 
     
  • Provide security and protection for the damaged area and critical facilities and control access to affected areas. 
     
  • Relocate and house prisoners when necessary during periods of evacuation. 
     
  • Coordinate additional law enforcement support with State Highway Patrol and other counties and/or municipalities during emergency or disaster activities. 
     
  • Limit access to the evacuation area during emergency or disaster response and recovery operations. 
     
  • Provide security for emergency or disaster shelters if needed. 
     
  • Establish staging areas in conjunction with fire departments, rescue squads, and the transportation coordinator. 
     
  • Direct reentry traffic into the evacuated area during recovery.
     
  • The local law enforcement agencies shall coordinate with state and federal law enforcement agencies during any major National Security Event (Civil Disorder, Terrorism, etc.) which might occur within their jurisdiction in the county / cities / towns / villages. 
     
  • Local law enforcement agency which has any missing or lost person(s) incident within their jurisdiction of the county / cities / towns / villages, shall be the designated search coordinating agency.
     
  • A senior law enforcement officer of each agency shall report to the Emergency Operations Center upon activation and assist the local Emergency Management Agency in the direction and control of law enforcement resources throughout the operation (24 hours) of a major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Provide support to the local Emergency Management Agency during a major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Develop standard operation guidelines for the law enforcement persons to function under a major emergency or disaster listed in the Emergency Operations Plan.
     
  • Additional duties are also found in the various Annexes and Procedures.
     
    24. Social Services Director
   
 
  • The operation of shelters is the responsibility of the Department of Social Services Director.
     
  • Plan for coordination of special population shelter care operations during a major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Develop mutual aid agreements with Health Department, Food Service, Linen Service and other agencies. 
     
  • Coordinate emergency shelter activities for general population. 
     
  • Assure personnel are trained in shelter operations. 
     
  • Assure personnel are trained to staff special population operations. 
     
  • Make necessary arrangements for providing shelter supplies, feeding, and etc. 
     
  • Develop letters of agreement and guidelines for reception, care and shelter activities for special populations and general population.
     
  • Manage reception activities to include lodging arrangements for shelters. 
     
  • Develop an initial shelter setup package including: 
    • Records and log sheets, rules, signs, name tags, key phone numbers, flashlights, maps, camera, spare clothing (e.g. sweat suits), diapers, baby food, hot water containers, coffee, hot chocolate, dry soup mix, spoons, forks, hygiene kits, etc. 
       
  • Coordinate emergency or disaster operations with the local and national American Red Cross in the county. 
     
  • Provide support to the local Emergency Management Agency during a major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Develop standard operation guidelines for the social service persons to function under during a major emergency or disaster listed in the Emergency Operations Plan.
     
  • Additional duties are also found in the various Annexes and Procedures.
     
    25. Staging (LOSA Area) Management Coordinator
   
 
  • Proceed to Staging Area. 
     
  • Establish Staging Area layout. 
     
  • Determine any support needs for equipment, feeding, station and security. 
     
  • Establish check-in functions as appropriate. 
     
  • Post areas for identification and traffic control.
     
  • Request maintenance services for equipment at Staging Area as appropriate. 
     
  • Respond to requests for resource assignments (NOTE:  This may be direct from Operations Officers or via the Incident Commander)
     
  • Obtain and issue receipts for radio equipment and other supplies distributed and received at Staging Area. 
     
  • Determine required resource levels from the Operations Officer. 
     
  • Advise the Operations Officer when reserve levels reach minimums.
     
  • Maintain and provide status to Resource Unit all resources in Staging Area. 
     
  • Demobilize Staging Area in accordance with Incident Demobilization Plan. 
     
  • Provide support to the local Emergency Management Agency during a major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Develop standard operation guidelines for the staging operation persons to function under during a major emergency or disaster listed in the Emergency Operations Plan. 
     
  • Additional duties are also found in the various Annexes and Procedures.
     
    26. Transportation Coordinator
   
 
  • Develop guidelines for intra and inter county transportation systems to move critical supplies and equipment from the hazard areas to reception areas and to transport key emergency workers to and from the hazard area. Guidelines will include movement of key workers on designated evacuation routes in either publicly or privately owned vehicles and/or buses. 
     
  • Utilize and maintain the county resources lists to identify public and private transportation resources. 
     
  • Provide vans, buses, and trucks for emergency or disaster evacuation. 
     
  • Coordinate with law enforcement on establishing staging areas, as well as with fire departments and rescue squads on designating pickup points and routes. 
     
  • Coordinate with and support law enforcement in establishing evacuation routes and traffic control points. 
     
  • Provide transportation support to fire departments and rescue squads for evacuation of individuals with transportation.
     
  • Advise the Emergency Management Coordinator of roadway conditions and support the removal of disabled vehicles or other blocks to evacuation. 
     
  • Obtain additional transportation resources, as needed from adjacent jurisdictions, state and private resources. 
     
  • Provide support to the local Emergency Management Agency during a major emergency or disaster. 
     
  • Develop standard operation guidelines for the transportation persons to function under during a major emergency or disaster listed in the Emergency Operations Plan.
     
    27. Amateur Radio Emergency Services (ARES)
   
 
  • Coordinate and provide communications for outlying areas and local shelters with the Communications Center (Emergency Operations Center).
     
  • Provide backup communications via the ARES network for communications between other adjoining county EOCs and/or the State EOC.
     
  • Provide other communications services as requested if within the scope or capability of ARES personnel to do so.
     
  • Additional duties or responsibilities may be found in Procedures and Annexes as well as Hazard Specific Checklists.

 

   
VII. DIRECTION AND CONTROL 
 
 
  1. Direction and Control provides for an efficient response to a major emergency or disaster by coordinating all response and recovery activities through one central location. The Emergency Management Operations Center (EOC) is the base of operation for all emergency management activities for the county. Members of the Emergency Management Organization will be familiar with plans and guidelines to cope with a major emergency or disaster. The Chairman of the County Commissioners, the County Manager and the Emergency Management Coordinator, or their designee will decide whether to activate the Emergency Operations Center in the county. The overall direction and control of emergency activities in a crisis situation is vested with the Chairman of County Commissioners.
     
  2. Upon the declaration of an emergency or disaster, the Chairman of County Commissioners, County Manager and the Emergency Management Coordinator will operate from the Emergency Operations Center. Upon the declaration of an emergency or disaster a City / Town / Village Official will operate from the County Emergency Operations Center. 
     
  3. Initially, emergency operations will be conducted locally with little or no outside assistance or coordination.
     
  4. Onsite direction and control will be established by the senior officers of the emergency service having jurisdiction and primary responsibility for the situation. The senior officers shall utilize an Incident Command System (ICS) and properly identify the Command Post. The fire, rescue, emergency medical services, and law enforcement chief officers shall be responsible for the development of standard operation guidelines for their agency for major emergency or disaster response when requested by the Emergency Management Coordinator.
VIII. CONTINUITY OF GOVERNMENT 
 
 
  1. General 

    The possibility that emergency and disaster occurrences could result in disruption of government functions necessitates that all levels of local government and their departments develop and maintain guidelines to ensure continuity of government. These guidelines will name who will be the decision makers if an elected official or department head is not available. Nothing herein shall be deemed to control the line of authority established in the Fictitious County State of Emergency Ordinance.

     
 
  1. Line of Succession 
     
 
  1. The line of succession of the County Board of Commissioners proceeds from the Chairman to the Vice Chairman. In the event both the Chairman and the Vice Chairman are absent or disabled the remaining three (3) Commissioners shall convene by special meeting to determine the confirmed line of succession. 
     
  2. Lines of succession for the Emergency Management Coordinator and department/agency heads with emergency responsibilities use Standard Operating Guidelines. 
     
 
  1. Preservation of Vital Records 
     
 
  1. It is the responsibility of the elected officials to ensure that all legal documents of both a public and private nature recorded by designated officials be protected and preserved in accordance with existing laws, statutes, and guidelines. 
     
  2. Each department / agency is responsible for the preservation of essential records' continued operational capabilities. 
     
 
  1. Relocation of Government 
     
 
  1. The County provides for the relocation of the governing body to the Emergency Operations Center during times of emergency if necessary. 
     
  2. If the primary Emergency Operations Center is determined inoperable, the governing body will relocate to the alternate Emergency Operations Center facility as needed.  
     
IX. ADMINISTRATION AND LOGISTICS 
 
 
  1. General 
     
 
  1. The emergency communication center operates continuously 24 hours per day and is administered by the Fictitious County Emergency Management Office which is supervised by the Fictitious County 911 Coordinator. 
     
  2. The operational readiness of the Emergency Operations Center is the responsibility of the Emergency Management Coordinator.
     
 
  1. Records and Reports 
     
 
  1. Records of expenditures and obligations during a major emergency or disaster operations must be maintained by County / City / Town / Village governments. 
     
  2. Narratives and operational journals of response actions will be kept by County / City / Town / Village government officials. 
     
 
  1. Consumer Protection
     
 
  1. Consumer complaints pertaining to alleged unfair or illegal business practices during emergencies or disasters will be referred to the State Attorney General’s Consumer Protection Division. 
     
 
  1. Non Discrimination 
     
 
  1. There will be no discrimination on grounds of race, color, religion, nationality, sex, age, disability, health or economic status in the execution of disaster preparedness or disaster relief and assistance functions. 
     
  2. This policy applies equally to all levels of government, contractors, and labor unions.
     
 
  1. Agreements and Understandings 
     
 
  1. Agreements and understandings must be entered into by duly authorized officials and should be formalized in writing whenever possible prior to emergency or disaster situations. 
     
  2. Should local cities, villages, towns and county government resources prove to be inadequate during emergency or disaster operations, requests for assistance will be made to other jurisdictions, higher levels of government, and other agencies in accordance with existing or emergency negotiated mutual aid agreements and understandings. Requests for State and Federal resources must be made through the Fictitious County Emergency Management Coordinator to the North Carolina Emergency Management Western Branch Area Office. From there, such requests are forwarded to the North Carolina Emergency Management State Emergency Operations Center. 
     
  3. Organizations tasked with responsibilities in the implementation of this plan are responsible for providing their own administrative and logistical needs and for the preparation and maintenance of a resource list for use in carrying out their emergency or disaster responsibilities. 
     
X. PLAN DEVELOPMENT AND MAINTENANCE
 
 
  1. The Fictitious County Emergency Management Coordinator will ensure that development and annual review of this plan is conducted by all officials involved and will coordinate necessary revision efforts. This shall include review of those portions of the plan actually implemented in an emergency or disaster. 
     
 
  1. Federal Response Plan Interface 
     
 
  1. When an emergency or disaster overwhelms the capability of state and local governments, resources of the federal departments and agencies may be needed. 
     
  2. Local governments will use their normal channel for requesting assistance and/or resources, i.e. through the local Emergency Management Coordinator, to the Western Branch of North Carolina Emergency Management and then to the State Emergency Management Office, Emergency Operations Center. If the state resources have been exhausted, the State will arrange to provide the needed resource(s) using the Emergency Support Functions as described in the Federal Response Plan. 
     
  3. National Response Framework
     
    1. The National Response Framework establishes the basis for fulfilling the Federal Government’s role in providing response and recovery assistance to a state and its' affected local governments impacted by a significant disaster of any kind, which results in a required federal response. Agencies of the federal government shall also follow the incident command guidelines of the National Incident Management System.
       
    2. Under the plan, departments and agencies having various authorities and resources have been assigned primary and support agency responsibilities for various Emergency Support Functions (ESFs). 
       
    3. These Emergency Support Functions will work in concert with state agencies to provide the needed resource(s). 
       
    4. Under the provisions of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, a Federal Coordinating Officer will be appointed as the President’s representative to coordinate overall delivery of federal assistance. Federal departments and agencies have been assigned missions to provide assistance directly to the state, under the overall direction of the Federal Coordinating Officer.
       
XI. AUTHORITIES AND REFERENCES 
 
 
  1. The following listed authorities and references were consulted to support this plan: 
 
  1. Public Law 93-288 as amended by Public Law 100-707 as amended by Public Law 100-707(Stafford Act)
  2. National Security Decision Directive # 259
  3. Homeland Security Presidential Directive 5
  4. Homeland Security Presidential Directive 8 
  5. N.C. General Statutes, Chapter 166A 
  6. N.C. General Statutes 115C-242  (6) 
  7. N.C. General Statutes Article 36A of Chapter 14 
  8. N.C. Executive Order 43 
  9. N.C. General Statutes 132 
     
 
  1. The following listed authorities are included in the basic plan: 
 
  1. Fictitious County Emergency Management Ordinance. 
  2. Fictitious County State of Emergency Ordinance
  3. Local Mutual Aid Agreements and Understandings.
  4. State Mutual Aid Agreement.
     
 
  1. Other Sources of information
   
  1. Fictitious County Emergency Management Ordinance - Section 6.1
  2. North Carolina (EDIS) Department of Commerce
  3. National Response Framework